Motion sickness definition of motion sickness by Medical dictionary https: Riding in a car, aboard a ship or boat, or riding on a swing all cause stimulation of the vestibular system and visual stimulation that often leads to discomfort. While motion sickness can be bothersome, it is not a serious illness, and can be prevented. While motion sickness may occur at any age, it is more common in children over What causes seasickness yahoo dating age of two, with the majority outgrowing this susceptibility.
When at why motion sickness occurs, it is helpful to understand the role the sensory organs. The sensory organs control a body's sense of balance by telling the brain what direction the body is pointing, the direction it is moving, and if it is standing still or turning.
These messages are relayed by the inner ears or labyrinth ; the eyes; the skin pressure receptors, such as in those in the feet; the muscle and joint sensory receptors, which track what body parts are moving; and the central nervous system the brain and spinal cordwhich is responsible for processing all incoming sensory information. Motion sickness and its symptoms surface when conflicting messages are sent to the central nervous system.
An example of this is reading a book in the back seat of a moving car. The inner ears and skin receptors sense the motion, but the eyes register only the stationary pages of the book. This conflicting information may cause the usual motion sickness symptoms of dizziness, nausea and vomiting. While all five of the body's sensory organs contribute to motion sickness, excess stimulation to the vestibular system within the inner ear the body's "balance center" has been shown to be one of the primary reasons for this condition.
Balance problems, or vertigo, are caused by a conflict between what is seen and how the inner ear perceives it, leading to confusion in the brain. This confusion may result in higher heart rates, rapid breathing, nausea and sweating, along with dizziness and vomiting. Pure optokinetic motion sickness is caused solely by visual stimuli, or what is seen. The optokinetic system is the reflex that allow the eyes to move when an object moves. Many people suffer when what they view is rotating or swaying, even if they are standing still.
Additional factors that may contribute to the occurrence of motion sickness include:. Both have been found to lower a person's threshold for experiencing motion sickness symptoms.
It is recommended that a heavy meal of spicy and greasy foods be avoided before and during a trip. A drink is often thought to help calm the nerves, but in this case it could upset the stomach further.
A hangover for the next morning's trip may also lead to motion sickness. Research suggests that some people inherit a predisposition to motion sickness. This predisposition is more marked in
What causes seasickness yahoo dating ethnic groups than in others; one study published in found that persons of Chinese or Japanese ancestry are significantly more vulnerable to motion sickness than persons of British ancestry.
Susceptibility in women to vomiting during pregnancy appears to be related to motion sickness, although the precise connections are not well understood as of Often viewed as a minor annoyance, some travelers are temporarily immobilized by motion sickness, and a few continue to feel its effects for hours and even days after a trip the "mal d'embarquement" syndrome.
Most cases of motion sickness are mild and self-treatable disorders. If symptoms such as dizziness become chronic, a doctor may be able to help alleviate the discomfort by looking further into a patient's general health.
Questions regarding medications, head injuries, recent infections, and other questions about the ear and neurological system will be asked. An examination of the ears, nose, and throat, as well as tests of nerve and balance function, may also be completed. Severe cases of motion sickness symptoms, and those that become progressively worse, may require additional, specific tests. Diagnosis in these situations deserves the attention and care of a doctor
What causes seasickness yahoo dating specialized skills in diseases of the ear, nose, throat, equilibrium, and neurological system.
There are a variety of medications to help ease the symptoms of motion sickness, and most of these are available without a prescription. Known as over-the-counter OTC medications, it is recommended that these be taken minutes before traveling to prevent motion sickness symptoms, as well as during an extended trip. The following OTC drugs consist of ingredients that have been considered safe and effective for the treatment of motion sickness by the Food and Drug Administration:.
Includes the active ingredient cyclizine and "What causes seasickness yahoo dating" not for use in children under age 6. Includes the active ingredient diphenhydramine and is not for use in children under age 6. Includes the active ingredient dimenhydrinate and is not for use in children under age 2. Includes the active ingredient meclizine and is not for use in children under age Each of the active "What causes seasickness yahoo dating" listed above are antihistamines whose main side effect is drowsiness.
Caution should be used when driving a vehicle or operating machinery, and alcohol should be avoided when taking any drug for motion sickness. Large doses of OTC drugs for motion sickness may also cause dry mouth and occasional blurred vision.
The side effects of cinnarizine and the other antihistamine antiemetics indicate that they should not be used by members of flight crews responsible for the control of aircraft or for other tasks that require sustained attention and alertness.
What causes seasickness yahoo dating Food and Drug Administration FDA recommends that people with emphysemachronic bronchitisglaucoma, or difficulty urinating due to an enlarged prostate do not use OTC drugs for motion sickness unless directed by their doctor. Longer trips may require a prescription medication called scopolamine Transderm Scop.
Formerly used in the transdermal skin patch now discontinuedtravelers must now ask their doctor to prescribe it in the form of a gel. In gel form, scopolamine is most effective when smeared on the arm or neck and covered with a bandage. Another prescription drug that is sometimes given for motion sickness is ondansetron Zofranwhich was originally developed to treat nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy. Unlike cyclizine, ondansetron appears to be safe for use in children under the age of six.
Several newer antiemetic medications are under development as of early The most promising of these newer drugs is a class of compounds known as What causes seasickness yahoo dating substance P antagonists. The neurokinins are being tested the control of nausea following cancer chemotherapy as well as nausea related to motion sickness.
In March the FDA approved the first of this new class of antiemetic drugs. Known as aprepitant, it is sold under the trade name Emend. Alternative treatments for motion sickness have become widely accepted as a standard means of care.
Ginger Zingiber officinale in its various forms is often used to calm the stomach, and it is now known that the oils it contains gingerols and shogaols appear to relax the intestinal tract in addition to mildly depressing the central nervous system. Some of the most effective forms of ginger include the powdered, encapsulated form; ginger tea prepared from sliced ginger root; or candied pieces. All forms of ginger should be taken on an empty stomach.
Placing manual pressure on the Neiguan or Pericardium-6 acupuncture point located about three finger-widths above the wrist on the inner armeither by acupuncture, acupressureor a mild, electrical pulse, has shown to be effective against the symptoms of motion sickness.
Elastic wristbands sold at most drugstores are also used as a source of relief due to the pressure it places in this area. Pressing the small intestine 17 just below the earlobes in the indentations behind the jawbone may also help in the functioning of the ear's balancing mechanism.
There are several homeopathic remedies that work specifically for motion sickness. They include Cocculus, and Tabacum. While there is no cure for motion sickness, its symptoms can be controlled or even prevented. Most people respond successfully to the variety of treatments, or avoid the unpleasant symptoms through "What causes seasickness yahoo dating" methods. Because motion sickness is easier to prevent than treat once it has begun, the best treatment is prevention.
The following steps may help deter the unpleasant symptoms of motion sickness before they occur:. Avoid reading while traveling, and do not sit in a backward facing seat. Always ride where the eyes may see the same motion that the body and inner ears feel. Safe positions include the front seat of the car while looking at distant scenery; the deck of a ship where the horizon can be seen; and sitting by the window of an airplane.
The least motion on an airplane is in a seat over the wings. Maintain a fairly straight-ahead view. Eat a light meal before traveling, or if already nauseated, avoid food altogether. Avoid watching or talking to another traveler who is having motion sickness. Take motion sickness medicine at least minutes before travel begins, or as recommended by a physician.
Learn to live with the condition. Even those who frequently endure motion sickness can learn to travel by anticipating the conditions of their next trip. Research also suggests that increased exposure to the stimulation that causes motion sickness may help decrease its symptoms on future trips. The Best Alternative Medicine. Simon and Schuster, Is the Vestibular System Involved?
Adaptation and Motion Sickness. Civil Aerospace Medical Institute. BoxOklahoma City, OK National Aeronautics and Space Administration.