Forgot your login information? American StudiesFamily Studies general. The American family has come a long way from the days of the idealized family portrayed in iconic television shows of the s and s. The four volumes of The Social History of the American Family explore the vital role of the family as the fundamental social unit across the span of American history.
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No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Her research interests are primarily postdivorce relationships, especially remarriage and stepfamily relationships. She has coauthored eight books and has published well over journal articles and book chapters.
He has coauthored over articles and book chapters as well as seven books, including Stepfamily RelationshipsHandbook of Contemporary Families with Marilyn Coleman, and Family Life in 20th Century Americawith Coleman and Kelly Warzinik.
His primary research program has focused on postdivorce families, especially stepfamilies, and he is particularly interested in understanding how family members develop satisfying and effective relationships after structural transitions. Ganong earned a B. Teachers College, Columbia University. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. California State University, San Bernardino. California State University, Stanislaus.
University of California, Los Angeles.
National Council on Family Relations. State University of New York, Buffalo. California State University, East Bay. University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
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Golden Gate University School of Law. Thomas University School of Law. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. California University of Pennsylvania. University of Southern Mississippi. California State University, Channel Islands. Westmoreland County Community College. Kutztown University of Pennsylvania. University of North Carolina at Greensboro. West Chester University of Pennsylvania.
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California State University Northridge. Parcell University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. University of California, Santa Barbara. University of Minnesota at Twin Cities. New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary. California State University, Monterey Bay.
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation the past few years there have been rousing debates among social critics and cultural commentators about the status of the American family and its future.
On one side of this debate are those claiming the American family is in decline. These critics point to demographic statistics regarding increased rates of unmarried parenthood, divorce, cohabitation, and lowered rates of marriage and births to married parents as evidence that families are in trouble.
Technological changes that allow infertile individuals and couples to rear children, policy changes that permit gay and lesbian couples to legally marry, and societal shifts in gender role expectations for mothers and fathers are also decried by some social commentators as signs of family decline and deviance.
On the other side of the debate are those who argue that these transitions do not mean that American families are troubled and headed for a bleak future. Instead, they assert that families are doing relatively well and that it is a narrow and static view of family life that is in decline and not families themselves.
These observers see family diversity rather than deviance, and family adaptation rather than decay. Twenty-first-century families are more diverse than families in the past, the argument goes, because the world is more complex, and family members have had to adapt to their changing social environments.
Moreover, families have always been more diverse than cultural ideologies have portrayed;
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation Standard North American Family SNAFa self-contained nuclear family consisting of a mother who takes care of the children and the home, a father who works outside the home as the major or only breadwinner, and one or more children sharing a household, has always been part of American social history, but this family form has not, in contrast to some cultural stereotypes, been the only American family form.
The SNAF is both heterosexual and patriarchal in nature and produces stigma and marginalization of those in other family types—and yet other family types are multiplying rapidly and flourishing. It seems like a good time to examine the social history of the family: Where have we been?
Where are we now? In fact, the nuclear family has not always been the dominant family structure in U. Households often contained more than one generation, and it was not uncommon for unrelated individuals such as household servants, other workers, apprentices, and boarders to live with families.
Living quarters were cramped and privacy was limited. It has only been in the past years or so that most family households became private enclaves of related individuals. During the same period, family members' employment increasingly moved "Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation" xxxii] outside the household, and homes became centers of family life, with work, leisure, and other activities conducted elsewhere.
At the root of the debate about the present and future status of American families is poor understanding about how families have functioned in the past. It is hard to determine whether families are declining,
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation their own, or thriving without an understanding of what families and family life was like in the past.
Families have changed, but how have they changed, and why? An Encyclopedia, is to address these questions. In this volume, a diverse array of authors examine how families and family life have changed, paying attention not only to changes within families but also examining the social and historical contexts for those changes.
Families do not exist in a vacuum, and historical and social phenomena have influenced families just as they have been affected by families. As editors of this encyclopedia, we have attempted to include aspects of the social history of American families that have the greatest relevance for understanding how families and family members have been shaped over time.
In this encyclopedia we have tried to be exhaustively inclusive about all of these contextual factors as they have related to family functioning. Families in turn have affected American society and its many social institutions. As a fundamental unit of society, families exert powerful influences on virtually every aspect of the culture. Consequently, we have tried to comprehensively include encyclopedia entries that reflect these family impacts on society.
In this volume, we have attempted to help readers get a sense of the profound societal and familial changes that have occurred in the nearly years that an American culture has existed. For instance, if an American family from could be transported in a time machine to the present, they would be amazed at the differences in how family members spend their days now compared to the
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation era.
They would be stunned to see everyone leave the family home to go to work or school because in their day, work, school, and home were in the same place. The technology available to present-day families would shock colonial Americans. They might envy the ease with which meals are prepared and be fascinated by the media links to the rest of the world via television, personal computers, smartphones, and other gizmos that would likely seem magical to them.
On the other hand, they might be surprised at how little time present-day family members spend together, with work, school, and even electronic gadgets separating family members from each other. Colonial Americans might be surprised to find many household chores e.
These visitors from might quickly learn to like the ease of modern life, but they might also wonder why family members seem to be so stressed. These visitors from another time would need to know about the many things that have happened since their era to be able to understand why families in the 21st century function as they do.
This encyclopedia would supply that information. Families are hard to study, whether one is studying how families are in the present or how families were in the past. One reason that families are difficult
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation study is because nearly everyone has a personal experience in a family unit or two e.
In short, because families and images of families are common, it strikes people that there is little to be learned by the formal study of family life. Often people think that the way their families thought and felt and [Page xxxiii] the ways their family members interacted with each other and with outsiders were how all families functioned. Consequently, students often see little point in studying families—what is there to learn that we don't already know?
Another challenging aspect of studying families is that virtually every dimension of family life is value laden, and people tend to hold very strong values and beliefs about families. These personal values interfere with being able to examine family life thoroughly and clearly. For instance, if a scholar strongly believed that married-couple families were the only effective type of families in which to raise children, he or she might seek to find evidence to support that
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation and ignore, or at least downplay, other information that did not fit with this value stance.
We do not suggest that most family scholars purposefully let their values shade or shape their conclusions. However, we are saying this is a strongly held value of ours that personal values affect a what gets studied in family scholarship, b the questions that are raised, c the data that are gathered, and d the interpretation of the data. Consequently, the study of families has a different emotional valence for most
Louis garneau nova womens vest black&white sexual orientation than does, say, studying frog behavior or the history of transportation.
We do not suggest that frog scholars and transportation historians do not hold intense passion and strong beliefs about their work, but we do suggest that the emotional values related to family study hit closer to home pun intended for most people, and most individuals seem to have vested interests in topics related to family life. One family value shared by many in the United States is the belief that family behavior is private.
Because this value is widely held in our culture, this, too, makes the study of families challenging and difficult. Some subject matter is nearly impossible to observe directly, such as sexual behavior, and so scholars must rely on self-reports or other types of evidence, often from secondary sources.
Other aspects of family life that are nearly impossible to investigate in vivo, such as marital decision making, force scientists to devise laboratory settings and self-report methods to try to capture as closely as possible what goes on in the privacy of family households. It is not hard to see how family privacy feeds into pluralistic ignorance—the tendency to overrely on our own family experiences to generalize about all families.
However, it should be noted that there is also a privacy value within families—children rarely know all of the backstage behavior of their parents' relationship together, for instance, and parents are unaware of all that transpires between their children when they are not around. Lost languages and Cultural Identity in Hiromi Goto's Chorus of Mushrooms and Louis Laverdière, directeur des opérations québécoises de Téléfilm Canada, L'histoire du Canada de François- Xavier Garneau, Légendes canadiennes by Canadian female authors of the 19th and 20th centuries, and gender and.
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