The population was , according to the census. Tacoma also serves as the center of business activity for the South Sound region, which has a population of around 1 million. Tacoma Time in tacoma washington right now its name after the nearby Mount Rainieroriginally called Takhoma or Tahoma. It is locally known as the "City of Destiny" because the area was chosen to be the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad in the late 19th century.
The decision of the railroad was influenced by Tacoma's neighboring deep-water harbor, Commencement Bay. By connecting the bay with the railroad, Tacoma's motto became "When rails meet sails".
Like most central cities, Tacoma suffered a prolonged decline in the midth century as a result of suburbanization and divestment. Since the s, developments in the downtown core include the University of Washington Tacoma ; Tacoma Linkthe first modern electric light rail service in the state; the state's highest density of art and history museums; and a restored urban waterfront, the Thea Foss Waterway.
Time in tacoma washington right now such as the 6th Avenue District have been revitalized. Tacoma has been named one of the most livable areas in the United States. Tacoma gained notoriety in for the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridgewhich earned the nickname "Galloping Gertie".
The area was inhabited for thousands of years by American Indianspredominantly the Puyallup people, who lived in settlements on the delta. Ina Swede named Nicolas Delin built a water-powered sawmill on a creek near the head of Commencement Bay, but the small settlement that grew around it was abandoned during the Indian War of — Inpioneer and postmaster Job Carr, a Civil War veteran and land speculator, built a cabin which also served as Tacoma's first post office; a replica was built in near the original site in "Old Town".
McCarver —who named his project Tacoma City, derived from the indigenous name for the mountain. Tacoma was incorporated on November 12,following its selection in as the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad due to lobbying by McCarver, future mayor John Wilson Spragueand others.
The two communities grew together and joined, merging on January 7, The transcontinental link was effected inand the population grew from 1, in to 36, in Rudyard Kipling visited Tacoma in and said it was "literally staggering under a boom of the boomiest". George Francis Train was a resident for a few years in the late 19th century.
Inhe staged a global circumnavigation starting and ending in Tacoma to promote the city. A plaque in downtown Tacoma marks the start and finish line. In Novemberwhite citizens led by then-mayor Jacob Weisbach expelled several hundred Chinese residents peacefully living in the city. As described by the account prepared by the Chinese Reconciliation Project Foundation, on the morning of November 3, "several hundred men, led by the mayor and other city officials, evicted the Chinese from their homes, corralled them at 7th Street and Pacific Avenue, marched them to the railway station at Lakeview and forced them aboard the morning train Portland, Oregon.
The next day two Chinese settlements were burned to the ground.
The discovery of gold in the Klondike in led to Tacoma's prominence in the region being eclipsed by the development of Seattle. A major tragedy marred the end of the 19th century, when a streetcar accident resulted in significant loss of life on July 4, From May to Augustthe city was the site of a smelter workers' strike organized by Local of the Workers of the World IWWwith the goal of a fifty-cent per day pay raise.
The IWW opposed this move by trying to persuade inbound workers to avoid Tacoma during the strike. Tacoma was briefly — a major destination for big-time automobile racing, with one of the nation's top-rated racing venues just outside the city limits, at the site of today's Clover Park Technical College.
InTacoma's first movie studio, H. Weaver Studio, was sited at present-day Titlow Beach. At the time, it was the third-largest freestanding film production space in America, with the two larger facilities being located in Hollywood.
The crash of the stock market, resulting in the Great Depressionwas only the first event in a series of misfortunes to hit Tacoma in the winter of — In one of the coldest winters on record, Tacoma experienced mass power outages and Time in tacoma washington right now the shutdown of major power supply dams, leaving the city without sufficient power and heat. A power grid failure paired with a newly rewritten city constitution — put into place to keep political power away from a single entity such as the railroad — created a standstill in the ability to further the local economy.
Local businesses were affected as the sudden stop of loans limited progression of expansion and renewal funds for maintenance, leading to foreclosures. Shanty-town politics began to develop as the destitute needed some form of leadership to keep the peace.
Tacoma's Hooverville grew in as the homeless community settled on the waterfront. The population boomed in November through early as families from the neighboring McKinley and Hilltop areas were evicted. Collecting scraps of metal and wood from local lumber stores and recycling centers, families began building shanties shacks for shelter. Alcoholism and suicide became a common event in the Hooverville that eventually led to its nickname of "Hollywood on the Tide Flats", because of the Hollywood -style crimes and events taking place in the camp.
InTacoma received national attention when George Weyerhaeuserthe nine-year-old son of prominent lumber industry executive J. Weyerhaeuserwas kidnapped  while walking home from school.
Four persons were apprehended and convicted; the last to be released was paroled from McNeil Island in George Weyerhaeuser went on to become chairman of the board of the Weyerhaeuser Company. Inan investigation by Time in tacoma washington right now state legislative committee revealed widespread corruption in Tacoma's government, which had been organized commission-style since Voters approved a mayor and city-manager system in Tacoma was featured prominently in the garage rock sound of the mids with bands including The Wailers and The Sonics.
The surf Time in tacoma washington right now band The Ventures were also from Tacoma. Downtown Tacoma experienced a long decline through the midth century. Harold Mosslater the city's mayor, characterized lates Tacoma as looking "bombed out" like "downtown Beirut " a reference to the Lebanese Civil War that occurred at that time ; "Streets were abandoned, storefronts were abandoned and City Hall was the headstone and Union Station the footstone" on the grave of downtown.
The first local referendums in the U. On both occasions, voters rejected the voting systems that local officials sought to purchase. The campaigns, organized by Eleanora Ballasiotes, a conservative Republican, focused on the vulnerabilities of computers to fraud. InTacoma installed a high-speed fiber optic network throughout the community.
The municipally owned power company, Tacoma Powerwired the city. Beginning in the early s, city residents and planners took steps to revitalize Tacoma, particularly its downtown. Tacoma Little Theatre opened in bridges the theater district and the hilltop neighborhoods. Tacoma's Hilltop neighborhood struggled with crime in the s and early s. Due to its high crime rate, Washington residents nicknamed the city "Tacompton", in reference to Compton, California.
InTacoma was ranked among the top 30 Most Livable Communities in an annual survey conducted by the Partners for Livable Communities. Victoria Woodards began her first term as mayor of the City of Tacoma on January 2, According to the United States Census Bureauthe city has an area of Tacoma straddles the neighboring Commencement Bay with several smaller cities surrounding it.
Large areas of Tacoma have views of Mount Rainier.