MedCrave Group is ardent to provide article reprints at an instant affordable Read more Click here to submit your manuscript August 11, Published: Aklilu Sinshaw, Woliata sodo town, Ethiopia, Tel: J Psychol Clin Psychiatry 1 6: Khat is a shrub or tree its leaves have been chewed for centuries in the Eastern part of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
Globally, Khat chewing habit is being a hot issue of discussion and spreading at an alarming rate in young generation, especially in higher institutions; where there are intensive academic activities are more intended. Similarly in Ethiopia it is consumed by some population groups commonly youths. It has a reported negative economic and health impact on the individuals engaging in the habit of Khat chewing. There were no studies conducted to investigate the prevalence "Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction" associated factors of Khat chewing in our study area.
This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and associated factors of khat chewing among students of Atse Fasil campus in university of Gondar, North West Ethiopia. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 29 to May 03, in Aste Fasil campus, University of Gondar.
A total of students were selected using a stratified random sampling technique in which only answer the question making the response rate of The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Odds ratio and chi-square were used to test the association between different variables and also frequency, proportion and Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction statistic were used to describe the study population.
The study revealed 9. The current prevalence of Khat chewing was found to be 6. A large proportion The prevalence of Khat chewing seems to decrease among university students. According to the study, Tigre ethnic group were at low Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction of chewing Khat than other ethnic group. Majority of the students were started chewing after joining university.
Increasing control measures and awareness about the health and social problems associated with Khat chewing need to be implemented.
Recreational alternatives for young people have to be found. Khat cathaedulis is a shrub or tree whose leaves have been chewed for centuries in the eastern part of Africa Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction the Arabian peninsula but it is also imported into other countries [1,2]. It is estimated that as many as ten million people worldwide chew Khat Cathaedulis. WHO classified Khat as a drug of abuse that can produce mild to moderate psychological dependence .
The stimulating drug, Khat is a drug of abuse that has become known in Norway due to increased immigration from east Africa, especially Somalia. Khat is a drug which stimulates the central nervous system causing increased alertness, euphoria, and occasionally psychosis and increases activity in the peripheral sympathetic nervous system leading to palpitation, increased blood pressure, large publics and red eyes [7,8].
Long term use or abuse can cause insomnia, anorexia, gastric disorders, depression, liver damage and cardiac complications, including myo-cardiac infractions.
Manic and delusional behavior violence, suicidal depression, hallucinations, paranoia and Khat-induced psychosis have also been reported [2,9]. For instance ,such evidence in Yemen showed Khat chewers were more likely to present with myocardial infarction Among patient with acute coronary syndrome in Yemen People who chewed Khat also high risk to death following stroke and heart failure.
Such study showed Khat users admitted to the hospital for heart disease had 7. Chronic use of Khat predisposes the users to have oral keratotic white lesions. Such study reported that Ethiopia is thought to be the country of origin of Khat use.
Today it is consumed everywhere in the country by all population groups commonly youths . In our country substances have been Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction by young people, as reported in one rapid survey These days the use and abuse of Khat is increasing at an alarming Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction .
In Ethiopia Khat is commonly used for social and religious purposes; in the prevalence of Khat chewing among secondary school students was Currently in Ethiopia the prevalence of substance use particularly Khat chewing is increasing at alarming rate. The prevalence of Khat use varied widely 0. Similarly in the current prevalence of Khat chewing among university students was estimated to be A cross-sectional study done in Saudi Arabia in Mayon There were 51 3.
The prevalence was high in secondary schools Khat chewers were more in urban areas A cross-sectional study in Jimma University, Ethiopia in on Jimma university staff to assess the prevalence of Khat chewing and its socio-demographic correlates showed that the current prevalence of Khat chewing was Median age at start of chewing was 22 years among current chewers .
A cross-sectional study done in North Western Ethiopia in February on in-school and out of school youth to assess the prevalence and risk factors of Khat chewing showed that the prevalence of Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction chewing was The current prevalence Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction of chewing was Of the respondents, 3. Thirty six percent of the chewers chew in public recreation areas and A cross-sectional study done in Jimma University in on students to assess the academic, health and psychological effect of Khat on mature students showed that A cross-sectional community based study done in Jimma University in on individuals to evaluate the association between Khat use and mental distress and to determine the prevalence of mental distress and Khat Atse tewodros wife sexual dysfunction showed that the Khat use prevalence was found to be Majority of the Khat users were males A descriptive cross-sectional study done in Harare town, Eastern Ethiopia in April on 1, secondary school students to assess the prevalence and determinants of Khat chewing showed that the overall prevalence of Khat chewing was Out of those who chewed Khat, Male students had two times higher odds of chewing Khat compared to female student.
Those students who are living with Khat chewers had 1. As the age of students increased by 1 year the odds of Khat chewing increased by 1. Muslim students had closed to two times higher odds of chewing Khat compared to orthodox Christians . Khat chewing habit has its own adverse effect on the health of individuals and social life of users.
Conducting research on prevalence and associated factors of Khat chewing among students of Atse Fasil campus in University of Gondar will help to identify the distribution of problems.
And it also serves as a critical role of providing information to form rational foundation for public health policy, prevention and planning to bring change in contributing factors for Khat chewing. It is not more studied in this area that is why we are intended to conduct our study in Atse Fasil campus.
The finding will be serving as base line information for further study. To assess the prevalence and associated factors of Khat among regular students of Aste Fasil campus in university of Gondar, North West Ethiopia Gondar town is located at km from Addis Abeba to the North West part of the country.