He is often portrayed as the son of the love goddess Venus and the war god Mars. He is also known in Latin as Amor "Love". His Greek counterpart is Eros. During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: In myths, Cupid is a minor character who serves
Cupido amor to set the plot in motion. He is a main character only in the tale of Cupid and Psychewhen wounded by his own weapons, he experiences the ordeal of love.
Although other extended stories not told about him, his tradition is rich in poetic themes and visual scenarios, such as "Love conquers all" and the retaliatory punishment or torture of Cupid. In art, Cupid often appears in multiples as the Amoresor amorini in the later terminology Cupido amor art historythe equivalent of the Greek erotes. Cupids are a frequent motif of both Roman art and later Western art of the classical tradition.
In the 15th century, the iconography of Cupid starts to become indistinguishable from the putto.
Cupid continued to be a popular figure in the Middle Ageswhen under Christian influence he often had a dual nature as Heavenly and Earthly love. In the Renaissancea renewed interest in classical philosophy endowed Cupido amor with complex allegorical meanings.
In contemporary popular culture, Cupid is shown drawing his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine's Day. The Romans reinterpreted myths Cupido amor concepts pertaining to the Greek Eros for Cupid in their own literature and art, and medieval and Renaissance mythographers conflate the two "Cupido amor." In the Greek tradition, Eros had a dual, contradictory genealogy.
He was among the primordial gods who came into existence asexually; after his generation, deities were begotten through male-female unions. Before the existence of gender dichotomy, Eros functioned by causing entities to separate from themselves that which they already contained. At the same time, the Eros who was pictured as Cupido amor boy or slim youth was regarded as the child of a divine couple, the identity of whom varied by source.
In Latin literatureCupid is usually treated as the son of Venus without reference to a father. Seneca says that Vulcanas the husband of Venus, is the father of Cupid. This last Cupid was the equivalent of Anteros"Counter-Love," one of the Erotesthe gods who embody aspects of love.
During the English RenaissanceChristopher Marlowe wrote of "ten thousand Cupids"; in Ben Jonson 's wedding masque Hymenaei"a thousand several-coloured loves In the later classical traditionCupid is most regarded as Cupido amor son of Venus and Mars, whose love affair represented an allegory Cupido amor Love and War.
Cupid is winged, allegedly, because lovers are flighty and likely to change their minds, and boyish because love is irrational. His symbols are the arrow and torch, "because love wounds and inflames the heart. Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind. Nor hath love's mind of
Cupido amor judgement taste; Wings and no eyes figure unheedy haste.
And therefore is love said to be a child Because in choice he is so oft beguiled.
Cupido amor Botticelli 's Allegory of Springalso known by its Italian title La PrimaveraCupid is shown blindfolded while shooting his arrow, positioned above the central figure of Venus.
Particularly in ancient Roman art, cupids also carry or be surrounded by fruits, animals, or attributes of the Seasons or the wine-god Dionysussymbolizing the earth's generative capacity. Cupid carries two kinds of arrows, or darts, one with a sharp golden point, and the other with a blunt tip of lead.
A person wounded by the golden arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire, but the one struck by the lead feels aversion and desires only to flee. The use of these arrows is described by the Latin poet Ovid in the first book of his Metamorphoses. When Apollo taunts Cupid as the lesser archer, Cupid shoots him with the golden arrow, but strikes the object of his desire, the nymph Daphnewith the lead.
Trapped by Apollo's unwanted advances, Daphne prays to her father, Cupido amor river god Peneuswho turns her into a laurel, the tree sacred to Apollo. It is the first
Cupido amor several unsuccessful or tragic love affairs for Apollo. In the tale of Cupid the honey thief, the child-god is stung by bees when he steals honey from their hive. He cries and runs to his mother Venus,  complaining that so small a creature shouldn't cause such painful wounds.
Venus laughs, and points out the poetic justice: The theme brought the Amoretti cycle of Edmund Spenser to a conclusion,  and furnished subject matter for at least twenty works by Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop.
Through this sting was Amor made wiser.
The untiring deceiver concocted another battle-plan: The image of "Cupido amor" as bee is part of a complex tradition of poetic imagery involving the flower of youth, the sting of love as a "Cupido amor," and honey as a secretion of love.
In both ancient and later art, Cupid is often shown riding a dolphin. On ancient Roman sarcophagithe image may represent the soul's journey, originally associated with Dionysian religion. One interpretation of this allegory is that Neptune represents the soul's origin in the matter from "Cupido amor" life was fashioned, with Cupid triumphing as the soul's desired destiny. In other contexts, Cupid with a dolphin recurs as a playful motif, as in garden statuary at Pompeii that shows a dolphin rescuing
Cupido amor from an octopus, or Cupid holding a dolphin.
The dolphin, often elaborated fantastically, might be constructed as a spout for a fountain. Dolphins were often portrayed in
Cupido amor as friendly to humans, and the dolphin itself could represent affection. Pliny records a tale of a dolphin at Puteoli carrying a boy on its back across a lake to go to school each day; when the boy died, the dolphin grieved itself to death.
In erotic scenes from mythology, Cupid riding the dolphin may convey how swiftly love moves,  or the Cupid astride a sea beast may be a reassuring presence for the wild ride of love. To adapt myths for Christian use, medieval mythographers interpreted them morally. In this view, Cupid might be seen as a "demon of fornication ". It was appropriate to portray him naked, so as not to conceal his deception and evil.
Cupid sleeping became a symbol of absent or languishing love Cupido amor Renaissance poetry and art, including a Sleeping Cupid by Michelangelo that is now lost. Michelangelo's work was important in establishing the reputation of the young artist, who was only twenty at the time. At the request of his patronhe increased its value by deliberately making it look "antique",  thus creating "his most notorious fake".
In the poetry of Giambattista Marino d. A madrigal by his literary rival Gaspare Murtola exhorted artists to paint the theme.
A catalogue of works from antiquity collected by the Mattei familypatrons of Caravaggioincluded sketches of sleeping cupids based on sculpture from the Temple of Venus Erycina in Rome. Caravaggio, whose Cupido amor Murtola is known for describing, took up the challenge with his Sleeping Cupida disturbing depiction of an unhealthy, immobilized with "jaundiced skin, flushed cheeks, bluish lips and ears, the emaciated chest and swollen belly, the wasted muscles and inflamed joints.
Earlier in his career, Caravaggio had challenged contemporary sensibilities with his "sexually provocative and anti-intellectual" Victorious Lovealso known as Love Conquers All Amor Vincit Omniain which a brazenly naked Cupid tramples on emblems of culture and erudition representing music, architecture, warfare, and scholarship.
The motto comes from the Augustan poet Vergilwriting in the late 1st century BC. His collection of Eclogues concludes with what might be his most famous line: Born in Milan, Caravaggio who was an apprentice to Simone Peterzano, a former pupil of Rubens, that help shape and mold the great artist as we have come to know.
Before working in Caravaggio a town near Bergamo. About he moved to Rome where his early genre painting CardsharpsKimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth caught the eye of Cardinal Maria Del Monteone of the leading connoisseurs of art in Rome, who became his principal patron.
He continued to paint smaller scale art for Del Monte. Love conquers all, and so let us surrender ourselves to Love. The theme was also expressed as the triumph
Cupido amor Cupid, as in the Triumphs of Petrarch. The Roman Cupid was a god who embodied desire, but he had no temples or religious practices independent of other Roman deities such as Venus, whom he often accompanies as a side figure in cult statues.
Cupid became more common in Roman art from the time of Augustusthe first Roman emperor. After the Battle of Actiumwhen Antony and Cleopatra were defeated, Cupid transferring the weapons of Mars to his mother Venus became a motif of Augustan imagery. She gives safe harbor to Aeneas and his band of refugees from Troyonly to be abandoned by him as he fulfills his destiny to found Rome.
Iulus also known as Ascanius becomes the mythical founder of the Julian family from which Julius Caesar came. Augustus, Caesar's heir, commemorated a beloved great-grandson who died as a child by having him portrayed as Cupid, dedicating one such statue at the Temple of Venus on the Capitoline Hill
Cupido amor keeping one in his bedroom where he kissed it at night. As a winged Cupido amor, Cupido shared some characteristics with the goddess Victoria.
Roman historians criticize cupido gloriae"desire for glory," and cupido imperii"desire for ruling power". In depicting the "pious love" amor pius of Nisus and Euryalus in the Aeneid, Vergil has Nisus wonder:.
Is it the gods who put passion in men's mind, Euryalus, or does each person's fierce "Cupido amor" cupido become his own God? In Lucretius' physics of sexcupido can represent human lust and "Cupido amor" animal instinct to mate, but also the impulse of atoms to bond and form matter. Cupid was the enemy of chastityand the poet Ovid opposes him to Dianathe virgin goddess of the hunt who likewise carries a bow but who hates Cupid's passion-provoking arrows. Ovid blames Cupid for causing him to write love poetry instead of the more respectable epic.
It concerns the overcoming of obstacles to the love between Psyche "Soul" or "Breath of Life" and Cupid, and their ultimate union in marriage. The tale of cupid and psyche meet up begins as most do with a kingdom a daughter with a absurd burden over her head. The king and queen gave birth to three daughters and all were pretty but
Cupido amor one psyche had the beauty of a true goddess. Eventually it reached the ears of the goddess herself Venus, who is or was thought to be the most beautiful woman on earth and off.
However, with the rumors of a woman psyche being compared to her beauty, even some said that psyche beauty surpassed Venus.
Infuriated by this she commanded her son Eros or known as cupid to go down to earth and strike psyche with one of his desire arrows and make psyche fall in love with a hideous monster.
Obeying his mother cupid went down to earth and had a mission in hand. Since the rediscovery of Apuleius's novel in the Renaissancethe Cupido amor of Cupid and Cupido amor in the classical tradition has been extensive. The story has been retold in poetry, drama, and opera, and depicted widely in painting, sculpture, and various media.
Cupid remains relevant in modern and contemporary art as today he is celebrated as the god of love. It has been said that
Cupido amor was inspired  by the tale Cupid and Psyche . The tale is about a beautiful yet lonely woman with a heart of gold that is held captive by a hideous beast who has invisible servants to aid her in anything she desires within the confines of the castle walls.
She eventually falls in love with him despite his appearance and breaks the cursed placed on him to reveal a handsome prince.