Unisex public toilets also called gender-inclusivegender-neutral or all-gender toilets are public toilet s that are not separated by gender.
Unisex public toilets can be designed to benefit a range of people with Unisexuality wikipedia free without special needs, for example people with disabilitiesthe elderly, and anyone who needs the help of someone of another gender.
They are also valuable Unisexuality wikipedia free parents wishing to accompany one or more of their children needing a toilet facility. Unisex public toilets can be used by people of any gender or gender identityi. Gender-neutral toilet facilities can benefit transgender populations and people outside of the gender binary. Sex segregation in public toilets, as opposed to unisex toilets, is the separation of public toilets into male and female. This separation is sometimes enforced by both city laws and building codes.
Key differences between male and female public toilets in most western countries include the presence of urinals for men and boys and sanitary bins for the disposal of menstrual hygiene products for women and older girls. Several alternative terms are in use for unisex public toilets: All-gender toilets, gender neutral toilets, gender free toilets or all-user toilets.
Some of the unisex toilets described here are " accessible toilets " which Unisexuality wikipedia free also referred to as "disabled toilets". This term is generally used when talking about the larger toilet cubicle with handrails etc.
Some unisex public toilets are designed to be used by people with disabilities. Many public toilets have either individual or gender-neutral facilities. They can accommodate people with disabilities, elderly persons who may require assistance from a carer of another gender, or other cases where public gender-segregated facilities might lead to discomfort. Unisex public toilets are also common in cases where space is limited, such as in aircraft lavatories and passenger train toilets.
Provided that more than one toilet is available in unisex restrooms, toilets are accommodated in enclosed "Unisexuality wikipedia free" as in sex-segregated toilets.
To ensure visual privacy, these should be provided with floor-to-ceiling walls. Sinks are either installed in open arrangement as in sex-segregated toilets and used collectively by people of all gender. The issue of urinals is creating somewhat of a conundrum for many unisex restroom designers. In many public toilets, the widespread use of urinals for males means that there are more opportunities to meet their needs.
While toilets are usually located in cubicles with lockable doors, urinals are usually installed freely in rows in gender-separated toilet rooms.
This construction leads to a smaller space consumption and thus to more "Unisexuality wikipedia free" for urinating, while promoting better hygiene and economic efficiency for men and boys.
Urinals have primarily been offered in male bathrooms, with female urinals being only a niche product so far.
Abolishing all urinals "Unisexuality wikipedia free" superficially reduce inequality. However, this would also sacrifice the advantages of urinals and the convenience for male users while doing nothing to improve sanitation or wait time for females. Another possibility would be to offer separate male and female urinals or unisex urinals that can be used by males and females alike, which allows increased flexibility of use.
However, this would raise the problem of arrangement. One option would be to continue to offer urinals in rows, with separation by screens. However, Unisexuality wikipedia free is questionable whether the less private sphere, compared to cubicle toilets, would be met with acceptance. An alternative would be to Unisexuality wikipedia free urinals for both sexes in cubicles or to continue to offer them only in male bathrooms.
However, this would at least limit the above-mentioned advantages of urinals. Urinals arranged in cubicles often could not prevail in previous concepts; the advantages over conventional toilets were not obvious due to the unreduced space requirement.
With all things considered, many unisex restroom designers are now creating plans in which urinals would be constructed in an isolated section or corner of the restroom so that they would not be directly visible to anyone in other areas of the restroom. This is seen by many as the best possible solution that would balance efficiency with modesty. Especially where space is limited, the double design of the sanitary facilities is not possible or only possible to a limited extent.
Unisex toilets are often used many public transport systems, such as rail vehicles or airplanes. Females also make more visits to washrooms. Urinary tract infections and incontinence are more common in females.
Public toilets and sanitation facilities in general need to cater for all people, including those part of the LGBTI community. This is an issue with respect to the human right to water and sanitation and also from the perspective of the Sustainable Development Goal 6which aim for universal access to sanitation and gender equality.
For many genderqueer people and people of the third sexsuch as intersexualsbutch lesbians or people with a non-binary transgender identity, it is difficult or even impossible to go to a gender-separated toilet, as they do not feel that they belong clearly to any sex. Parents of small children also face a dilemma if they want to accompany their small opposite sex child to the toilet.
Sex segregation of public toilets began gaining traction as a controversial issue for transgender identity in US politics in It has been argued that "walking into a toilet segregated by sex requires that each of us in effect self-segregate" and that some transgender people report being challenged on what public toilet they choose to use and subsequently "do their best to forego use of public toilets altogether".
Many questions concerning exactly how social and legal enforcement of the division should take place has been the subject of many a debate.
Transgender people often face harassment based on their choice in public toilets regardless of whether they Unisexuality wikipedia free the toilet room corresponding to their gender identity or their sex assigned at birthwhich has led many activists in the transgender community to call for legal protection for people wishing to use restrooms which most accurately reflect their gender identity.
Others have questioned the need for gender-based toilet segregation in the first place. In addition to transgender issues, those questioning the need for gendered bathrooms cite dilemmas caused by the need for caretakers of dependents who include childrenthe elderlyand the mentally and physically disabled to enter the toilet room used by their charge, regardless of which toilet rooms they may use themselves.
Others have proposed laws which require transgender individuals to use public toilets corresponding to their sex assigned at birth. Unisexuality wikipedia free advocates of these laws claim that transgender people, or men claiming to be transgender, will be responsible for sexual assault in public toilets matching their gender identity. In the 21st century, with increased exposure of the transgender community, there have been some initiatives calling for gender-neutral public toilets, instead of only male and female ones, to accommodate genderqueer individuals.
Transgender and gender non-conforming persons also may be subject to embarrassment, Unisexuality wikipedia free, or even assault or arrest by others offended by the presence of a person they interpret as being of a different anatomical sex to themselves.
For Unisexuality wikipedia free, the Transgender Law Center's "Peeing in Peace" is a pamphlet that serves as a resource guide full of information on harassment, safe bathroom campaigns, legal information, and more.
The consolidation of previously gender-separated toilets and the construction of new unisex toilets is sometimes accompanied on the one hand by administrative and building law difficulties, and on the other by some public moral concerns. Building laws in some states require that toilets be physically separated for both sexes, making unisex toilets virtually illegal.
In the USA, especially in large cities and at universities, unisex toilets have been increasingly put into since In both developed and developing countriesmany of the organizations active in water, sanitation and hygiene WASH provision have asserted in the past that separate toilets for boys and girls at school are very important to make girls feel comfortable and safe using the sanitation facilities at schools.
This concern could potentially apply to boys as well, especially if open urinals are maintained. WaterAid is researching options of appropriate unisex public toilets in developing countries. In they stated that those kinds of gender-neutral toilets, where people can access all toilets irrespective of their gender, is not recommended in contexts where it may increase the risk of violence against women or transgender people, or where it is deemed culturally inappropriate.
However, this is still being debated and may reinforce stigma and result in people being banned from accessing the toilets of the gender they identify with. The unisex toilets are met with opposition especially from the conservative side, for instance from the Christian conservative Alliance Defending Freedom.
Aspects of cultural identity and the feared change in values play into the controversy: In cases where schools have unisex bathrooms as an alternative to those separated for boys and girls, transgender rights advocates have asserted that transgender students should not be forced to use the unisex bathrooms if that is not what they Unisexuality wikipedia free. The concept of the unisex toilet became a Unisexuality wikipedia free emotive word, particularly within the Alt Right and paleoconservatismwhereby this pars pro toto stands for the abolition of gender boundaries, gender mainstreaming and liberalism.
For instance, Alex Jones regards the unisex toilet as a major threat to public morality. In some cases, there were escalations between users and opponents of unisex toilets: Unisex toilets have appeared in China since before in Shenyang and Chengdu by However, it was not until November 19, that Shanghai China opened its first public unisex toilet near the Zhangjiabin River in a park, in the Pudong district.
Many of these toilets have opened in high-traffic areas for the convenience of users as opposed to existing for the of those in need of a gender neutral toilet, for example sexual minorities or those who are disabled.
This resulted around 30 locations opening unisex public Unisexuality wikipedia free. In the Indian Supreme Court gave transgender people, also known as 'hijras', recognition with a third gender. The judges said the government must make sure that they have access to medical care and other facilities like separate wards in hospitals and separate toilets".
As ofstill no laws were set in place regarding the usage of public toilets in relation to gender identity; there may however be occasional signs in front of public toilets that indicate that the stall is 'gender free'.
LGBT rights in Nepal have existed for a number of years but it wasn't until Sunil Babu Pant who was elected into Parliament, used part of the Parliamentarian Development Fund to build the first two gender neutral toilets in Nepalganjone of which is in Bageshwori Park.
The term " kathoeys " used to describe effeminate male-bodied people, for whom schools have started opening gender-segregated toilets for since Kathoey enfranchisement was made helped by the creation of separate toilets at the Lummahachaichumpol Temple in Rayong.
American public toilets are regulated by two federal agencies. For non-work related restroom guidelines, the Department of Health and Human Services governs regulations.
Sex segregation can also be caused by building codes, as buildings from different eras are subject to different codes.
In many situations, building owners do not update existing features because it allows them to continue following the older building codes that go along with those older features. These regulations "Unisexuality wikipedia free" mostly based on the precedent created by original legislation, though they sometimes also work to eliminate the longer wait time females often face by creating a ratio of more female restrooms than male restrooms.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provides federal anti-discrimination protection on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, pregnancy status, age, disability, and genetic information.
In May the U. Department of Education and the Justice Department indicated that single-sex schools and schools receiving federal money must treat transgender students consistent with their gender identity under Title IX of the Education Amendments of The United States Department of Labor 's Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA requires that employers provide accessible toilets for all employees, and that employers do not impose "unreasonable restrictions" employees who wish to use toilets at work.