The predictive validity of these characteristics for persistent sexual offensive behavior in subgroups of juvenile sex offenders was investigated. One Developmental indicators of sexual offenders seventy four sex offenders Developmental indicators of sexual offenders age Offense related characteristics were assessed by means of the GAIJSO and the a global assessment tool for juvenile delinquentsand criminal careers of the subjects were ascertained from official judicial records.
Serious need for comprehensive diagnostics were found on the domains sexual offense and psychosexual development in juvenile sex offenders, especially in the group of child molesters. These youngsters displayed more internalizing and psychosexual developmental problems and their sexual offense was more alarming as compared to the other juvenile sex offender subgroups.
Although one third of the juveniles had already committed one or more sex offenses prior to the index offense, at follow up mean follow up period: However, a substantial proportion of the entire "Developmental indicators of sexual offenders" of juvenile sex offenders showed non-sexual Several predictors for a history of multiple sex offending and non-sexual recidivism were identified. This study revealed numerous problems in juvenile sex offenders.
In order to investigate the predictive validity for sexual reoffending a longer follow up period is necessary. Identifying those youngsters who are at risk for persistent sexual deviant and offensive behavior will avert more victimization at an early stage. However, in offending minors, despite the volumes of research on the characteristics of these juveniles, distinguishing transient incidental sexual misdemeanor from more persistent offensive sexual behavior may be difficult, because literature on this specific topic is scarce.
This article reports on sex offense related characteristics and the psychosexual development of subgroups of juvenile sex offenders. The predictive validity of these characteristics for persistent sexual offensive behavior, in subgroups of juvenile sex offenders, was investigated.
Sexual offending by juveniles is frequently considered to be experimental behavior as a part of normal sexual development. However, previous studies have shown that many adolescent sex offenders had prior victims [ 23 ], and indicated that their behavior is similar to that of adult paraphilic sex offenders. Some juvenile sex offenders do Developmental indicators of sexual offenders to have paraphilic sexual impulses and behavior patterns [ 4 ] and some adolescent sex offenders seem to have underlying deviant sexual arousal patterns or urges [ 5 ], similar to that of adult sex offenders.
Therefore, in the assessment of juvenile sex offenders it seems important to distinguish normal from deviant sexual development, in order to know which of these boys is at risk for repetitive sexual offending. On the one hand, this is necessary for better protection of potential future victims; on the other hand, because public policy is becoming increasingly punitive.
To date, even many low risk adolescents are subjected to long term specific treatment programs and public registration, which may also have long term negative effects on the development of these youngsters [ 6 ].
The literature on juvenile sexual recidivism is scarce, and the identification of predictors of sexual reoffending is hampered by the relatively small sample sizes of these studies, differences in length of follow up and differences in the definition of sexual recidivism.
However, it seems that juvenile sex offenders are generally more likely to reoffend non-sexually than sexually [ 89 ]. Variables that may predict future offending among juvenile sex Developmental indicators of sexual offenders e. As to specific risk factors for sexual reoffending in juveniles, many risk factors are mentioned in the literature, but few have been empirically supported.
Deviant sexual interest [ 1213 ] seems to be a strong predictor of sexual reoffense, especially in child molesters [ 14 ].
Some studies elicited socially isolated juvenile sex offenders [ 1513 ], who displayed poor social skills turned out to reoffend sexually more often than those without such difficulties. Victim related characteristics such as not being a relative or friend [ 16"Developmental indicators of sexual offenders" ], having assaulted more than one victim [ 18 ], as well as deviant sexual interests, prior criminal sanctions for sexual assault s and drop out from offense specific treatment [ 19 ] have been reported to be sexual reoffense predictors.
The GAIJSO collects information on offense related characteristics and risk factors for persistent sexual offensive behavior. It leads to insight into the characteristics of the sexual offense and to an estimation of the severity of the offense, as well as evaluating the psychosexual development of the offender.