A reform of the date of Easter has been proposed several times because the current system for determining the date of Easter is seen as presenting two significant problems:.
There have been controversies about the "correct" date of Easter since antiquity, leading to schisms and excommunications or even executions due to heresybut most Christian churches today agree on certain points. Easter should therefore be celebrated:.
The disagreements have been particularly about the determination of moon phases and the equinox, some still preferring "Easter dating games" observation from a certain location usually Jerusalem, Alexandria, Rome or localmost others following nominal approximations of these in either the HebrewJulian or Gregorian calendar using different lookup tables and cycles in their algorithms.
It has been proposed that the first problem could be resolved by making Easter occur on a date fixed relative to the western Gregorian
Easter dating games every year, or alternatively on a Sunday within a fixed range of seven dates.
While tying Easter to one fixed date would serve to underline the belief that it commemorates an actual historical event, without an accompanying calendar reform that changes the pattern of the days of the week itself a subject of religious controversy it would also break the tradition of Easter always being on a Sunday, established since the 2nd century and by now deeply embedded in the liturgical practice and theological understanding of almost all Christian denominations.
The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican agreed in to accept a fixed Sunday in the Gregorian calendar as the date for Easter as long as other Christian churches agreed on it as well.
They also agreed in principle to adopt a civil
Easter dating games reform as long as there were never any days outside the cycle Easter dating games seven days per week.
The Pepuzites, a 5th-century sect, celebrated Easter on the Sunday following April 6 in the Julian calendar. The April 6 date was apparently arrived at because it was equivalent to the 14th of the month of Artemisios in an earlier calendar used in the area, hence, the 14th of the first month of spring.
The two most widespread proposals for fixing the date of Easter would set it on either the second Sunday in April 8 to 14, week 14 or 15or the Sunday after the second Saturday in "Easter dating games" 9 to 15affecting years with dominical letter G or AG where 1 April is a Sunday.
In both schemes, account has been taken of the fact that—in spite of the many difficulties in establishing the dates of the historical events involved—many scholars attribute a high degree of probability to Friday 7 April 30, as the date of the crucifixion of Jesuswhich would make 9 April the date of the Resurrection.
Another date which is supported by many scholars is 3 April 33,   making 5 April the date of the Resurrection. In the late s and s, this idea gained some momentum along with other calendar reform proposals, such as the International Fixed Calendar and the World Calendar.
Ina law was passed in the United Kingdom authorising an Order in Council which would fix the date of Easter in that country as the Sunday after the second Saturday in April. The Sunday after the first Wednesday in April would always be in ISO week 14, except for leap years starting on Thursday DC where the week count is one higher than in otherwise equivalent common years after February.
Insome Eastern Orthodox representatives objected to separating the date of Easter from lunar phases. Proposals to resolve the second problem have made greater progress, but they are yet to be adopted. Although the instant of
Easter dating games full moon must occur after the instant of the vernal equinox, it may occur on the same day. If the full moon occurs on a Sunday, Easter is the following Sunday. This proposed astronomical rule was rejected by all churches and was never considered by any Western church.
This reform has not been implemented. It would have relied mainly on the co-operation of the Eastern Orthodox Churchsince the date of Easter would change for them immediately; whereas for the Western churches, the "Easter dating games" system would not differ from that currently in use until However, Eastern Orthodox support was not forthcoming, and the reform failed.
However, it could also be argued that it is fair to ask a significant change of Eastern Christians, as they would be simply making the same substantial changes the various Western Churches have already made in when the Catholic Church first adopted the Gregorian calendar and subsequent years so as to bring the calendar and Easter more in line with the seasons. In andthere was a new attempt to reach a consensus on a unified date on the part of Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant leaders.
Part of this attempt was reportedly influenced by ecumenical efforts in Syria and Lebanon, where the Greek-Melkite Church has played an important role in Easter dating games ties with the Orthodox. In Mayon the anniversary of the meeting between himself and Pope Francis, Coptic Pope Tawadros II wrote a letter to Pope Francis asking for him to consider making renewed effort at a unified date for Easter. A week later Aphrem IIthe Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antiochmet with Pope Francis and noted that the celebration of Easter "on two different dates is a source of great discomfort and weakens the common witness of the church in the world.
In Januarythe Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby announced that he on behalf of the Anglican Communion had joined discussions with Catholic, Coptic and Orthodox representatives over a fixed date for Easter, and that he hoped it would happen within
Easter dating games next five to ten years.
There currently is no public proposal under discussion that used a fixed week of the year for Easter and dependent feasts. The second Sunday in April is usually the 15th Sunday of the year except for dominical letter G, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A reform of the date Easter dating games Easter has been proposed several times because the current system for determining the date of Easter is seen as presenting two significant problems: Its date varies from year to year. It can fall on up to 35 different days in March and April of the respective calendar.
While many Christians do not consider this to be a problem, it can cause frequent difficulties of co-ordination Easter dating games civil calendarsfor example academic terms. Many countries have public holidays around Easter weekend or tied to the date of Easter but spread from February to June, such as Shrove Tuesday or Ascension and Pentecost.
Many Eastern churches calculate the date of Easter using the Julian calendarwhereas some Eastern churches use the Revised Julian calendar and all Western churches and civil authorities have adopted the Gregorian reforms for all calendrical purposes. Hence in most years, Easter is celebrated on a later date in the East than in the West. Easter should therefore be celebrated: There is less agreement whether Easter also should occur: Easter is after Christian Passover by definition.
Aleppo Easter dating method. A History of the Church: In Sean Gallagher; Easter dating games al. Western Plainchant in the First Millennium: Studies in the Medieval Liturgy and Its Music. Explicit use of et al.
Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation. The Mystery of the Last Supper: Reconstructing the Final Days of Jesus. The Calendar and Its History. Astronomische Easter dating games in German.
World Council of Churches. Archived from the original on Orthodox Christian Information Center.