Banks continue to sell Trade Finance as a great product line and one that is getting unduly punished by regulators. Their argument centers on a few key points.
Trade finance involves the production and movement of tangible goods. This is especially important with emerging and developing economies, where companies may not have the balance sheets to access credit or the leverage to achieve favorable payment terms from overseas suppliers.
This is where banks, insurance companies, export credit agencies and other government bodies eg. Small Business Administration step in to facilitate using credit guarantees, their own balance sheet via letters of credit, insurance products etc.
What self-liquidating means, especially as applied to trade finance, is that the bank stipulates that all sales proceeds are to be collected, and then applied to payoff the transaction and or loan. Any remainder is credited to the exporter's account.
They even argue the risk is so low as to be nonexistent. Do you think that passes the institutional investor smell test? The ICC needs to make the data, including prior versions, available for institutional review.
Trade Finance is a much different product than for example commercial or mortgage lending. A product is bought or sold and must move across borders, therefore, it takes longer to get paid.
Operating in different jurisdictions, with Self liquidating trade finance operations laws, and different information available on buyers and sellers makes it challenging to always do due diligence on reliability and creditworthiness of counterparties. And like any buy-sell relationship, foreign buyers prefer to have longer terms to pay until they receive and resell the goods.
Despite the specialized knowledge, the fact is trade operations staff are some of the lowest paying jobs in banking according to a Robert Half study. Banks and their lobbying advocates have been using the above to push back on more stringent capital rules.
They have had some success ie, not treating trade finance as a one year maturity, the rules' treatment of export credits, and contingent funding liabilities. But one point to bear in mind. Bankers who are involved in trade finance like to point to the positive contribution trade finance makes to the economy.
But the reason trade does have such low risk is because of the inherent nature of the product. Because it is short term and because in many cases self liquidating, by definition it is lower risk. When a trade line goes bad, banks can shut it down pretty quickly.
Not so true if you are tied up in a medium term commodity financing structure. If you would like to receive TFM's weekly digest, sign up here. Your email address will not be published.
Notify me of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Contact Support Ask Spend Matters! ICCTrade Finance. Second, Trade Finance relies on self-liquidating financial structures —We are different What self-liquidating means, especially as applied to trade finance, is that the bank stipulates that all sales proceeds are to be collected, and then applied to payoff the transaction and or loan.
Third, Trade Finance requires specialized expertise — we are different Trade Finance is a much different product than for example commercial or mortgage lending. Hence as an asset class, there is much room for growth. Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Trade finance of commercial banks is a financing business which is based on Traditional trade financing was often self-liquidating, since the bankers may. trade finance in the Basel II and III capital adequacy "Self liquidating trade finance operations.".
the AIRB is also inappropriate for short-term Self liquidating trade finance operations trade finance instruments given Other trade finance transactions which are not letters of credit can continue to be.