Same-sex marriage also known as gay marriage is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony. The term marriage equality refers to a political status in which the marriages of same-sex couples and the marriages of opposite-sex couples are recognized as equal by the law.
Additionally, Armenia and Israel recognize the marriages of same-sex couples validly entered into in other countries. Same-sex marriage is also due to soon become performed and recognized by law in AustriaCosta Ricaand Taiwan. The introduction of same-sex marriage has varied by jurisdiction, being variously La catarina homosexual relationship through legislative change to marriage lawan apex court ruling based on constitutional guarantees of equality, by recognition that the existing marriage laws did not prevent it,  or by direct popular vote via referenda and The recognition of same-sex marriage is considered to be a human right and a civil right as well as a political, social, and religious issue.
Polls consistently show continually rising support for the recognition of same-sex marriage in all developed democracies and in some developing democracies. Scientific studies show that the financial, psychological, and physical well-being of gay people are enhanced by marriage, and that the children of same-sex parents benefit from being raised by married same-sex couples within a marital union that is recognized by law and supported by societal institutions.
Opposition to same-sex marriage is based in part on beliefs that homosexuality is unnatural and abnormal, that the recognition of same-sex unions will promote homosexuality in society, and that children are better off when raised by opposite-sex couples. A study of nationwide data from across the United States from January to December revealed that the establishment of same-sex marriage is La catarina homosexual relationship with a significant reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children, with the effect being concentrated among children of a minority sexual orientation, resulting in approximatelyfewer children attempting suicide each year in the United States.
Some proponents of legal recognition of same-sex marriage, such as Freedom to
La catarina homosexual relationship and Canadians for Equal Marriageuse the terms marriage equality and equal marriage to indicate that they seek the recognition of same-sex marriage on equal ground with opposite-sex marriage as opposed to special rights. The AP Stylebook recommends the usage of the phrase marriage for gays and lesbians or
La catarina homosexual relationship term gay marriage in space-limited headlines.
The Associated Press warns that the construct gay marriage can imply that the marriages of same-sex couples are somehow different from the marriages of opposite-sex couples. Anthropologists have struggled to determine a definition of marriage that absorbs commonalities of the social construct across cultures around the world.
With several countries revising their marriage laws to recognize same-sex couples in the 21st century, all major English dictionaries have revised their definition of the word marriage to either drop gender specifications or supplement them with secondary definitions to include gender-neutral language or explicit recognition of same-sex unions.
Opponents of same-sex marriage, who want marriage to be restricted to heterosexuals, such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saintsthe Catholic Churchand the Southern Baptist Conventionuse the term traditional marriage to mean opposite-sex marriage.
Mildred Lovingthe joint plaintiff alongside her husband Richard Loving in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v. Virginia inin which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down all state bans on inter-racial marriage in the United Statesissued a statement on the 40th anniversary of the ruling in expressing her support for same-sex marriage.
The NAACPthe leading African-American civil rights organization, has pledged its support for gay rights and same-sex marriage, stating that they "support marriage equality consistent with equal protection under the law provided under the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution" and declaring that same-sex marriage is a civil right.
The Human Rights Campaignthe largest LGBT rights organization in the United States, states that "many La catarina homosexual relationship couples want the right to legally marry because they are in love — many, in fact, have spent the La catarina homosexual relationship 10, 20 or 50 years with that person — and they want to honor their relationship in the greatest way our society has to offer, by making a public commitment to stand together in good times and bad, through all the joys and challenges family life brings.
Journalist Gail Mathabane likens prohibitions on same-sex marriage to past prohibitions on interracial marriage in the United States. Opposition to same-sex marriage is based, in part, on the beliefs that homosexuality is unnatural and abnormal, that the recognition of same-sex unions will promote homosexuality in society, and that children are better off when raised by opposite-sex couples.
Some "La catarina homosexual relationship" the opponents of same-sex marriage are religious groups including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saintsthe Catholic La catarina homosexual relationshipand the Southern Baptist Conventionall of which desire for marriage to remain restricted to opposite-sex marriages. The American Anthropological Association stated on 26 February The results of more than a century of anthropological research on households, kinship relationships, and families, across cultures and through time, provide no support whatsoever for the view that either civilization or viable social orders depend upon marriage as an exclusively heterosexual institution.
Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, can contribute to stable and humane societies. The establishment of same-sex marriage is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children, with the effect being concentrated among children of a minority sexual orientation.
The La catarina homosexual relationship took advantage of the gradual manner in which same-sex marriage was established in the United States expanding from one state in to all fifty states in to compare the rate of attempted suicide among children in each state over the time period studied.
Once same-sex marriage was established in a particular state, the reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children in that state became permanent. No reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children occurred in a particular state until that state recognized same-sex marriage. The lead researcher of the study observed that "laws that have the greatest impact on gay adults may make gay kids feel more hopeful for La catarina homosexual relationship future".
Professional organizations of psychologists have concluded that children stand to benefit from the well-being that results when their parents' relationship is recognized and supported by society's institutions, e. For example, the Canadian Psychological Association stated in that "parents' financial, psychological and physical well-being is enhanced by marriage and that children benefit from being raised by two parents within a legally-recognized union.
The La catarina homosexual relationship Academy of Pediatrics concluded inin an analysis published in the journal Pediatrics:. There is ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents. More than 25 years of research have documented that there is no relationship between parents' sexual orientation and any measure of a child's emotional, psychosocial, and behavioral adjustment. Conscientious and nurturing adults, whether they are men or women, heterosexual or homosexual, can be excellent parents.
The rights, benefits, and protections of civil marriage can further strengthen these families. Ina Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health study examining the effects of institutional discrimination on the psychiatric health of lesbian, gay and bisexual LGB individuals found an increase in psychiatric disorders, including a more than doubling of anxiety disordersamong the LGB population living in states that instituted bans on same-sex marriage.
According to the author, the study highlighted the importance of abolishing institutional forms of discrimination, including those leading to disparities in the mental health and well-being of LGB individuals. Institutional discrimination is characterized by societal-level conditions that limit the opportunities and access to resources by socially disadvantaged groups. "La catarina homosexual relationship" and journalist Jonathan Rauch has argued that marriage is good for all men, whether homosexual or heterosexual, because engaging in its social roles reduces men's aggression and promiscuity.
Same-sex parents and carers and their "La catarina homosexual relationship" are likely to benefit in numerous ways from legal recognition of their families, and providing such recognition through marriage will bestow greater benefit than civil unions or domestic partnerships. The American Psychological Association stated in Ina pair of economists at Emory University tied the passage of state bans on same-sex marriage in the United States to an increase in the rates of HIV infection.
Numerous polls and studies on the issue have been conducted, including those that were completed throughout the first decade of the 21st century. A consistent trend increasing support for same-sex marriage has been revealed across the world, often driven in large part by a significant generational gap in support.
Polling that that been conducted in developed democracies in the first decade of the 21st century shows a majority of people in support of same-sex marriage. Support for legal same-sex marriage has increased across every age group, political ideology, religion, gender, race and region of various developed countries in the world. In the United Statescontinual polling by Gallup over the course of more than two decades has shown that support for same-sex marriage has grown rapidly, while opposition has simultaneously collapsed.
Various detailed "La catarina homosexual relationship" and studies on same-sex marriage that were conducted in several countries show that support for same-sex marriage significantly increases with higher levels of education and is also significantly stronger among younger generations, with a clear trend of continually increasing support.
A reference to same-sex marriage by La catarina homosexual relationship Egyptians and Canaanites exists in the Talmud. The Book of Leviticus prohibited homosexual relations Lev.
A man would marry a man and a woman [marry] a woman. What is
La catarina homosexual relationship the first historical mention of the performance of same-sex marriages occurred during the early Roman Empire according to controversial  historian John Boswell. Child emperor Elagabalus referred to his chariot driver, a blond slave from Caria named Hieroclesas his husband.
The first Roman emperor to have married a man was Nerowho is reported to have married two other males on different occasions. The first was with one of Nero's own freedmenPythagoraswith whom Nero took the role of the bride.
The marriage was celebrated in both Greece and Rome in extravagant public ceremonies. It should be noted, however, that conubium existed only between a civis Romanus and a civis that is, between a male Roman citizen and a female Roman citizenso that a marriage between two Roman males or with a slave would have no legal standing in Roman law apart, presumably, from the arbitrary will of the emperor in the two aforementioned cases.
The idea implicit in the word is that a man took a woman in marriage, in matrimonium ducereso that he might have children by her. Historians variously trace the beginning of the modern movement in support of same-sex marriage to anywhere from around the s to the s. In Denmark became the first country to recognize a legal relationship for same-sex couples, establishing registered partnershipswhich gave those in same-sex relationships "most rights of married heterosexuals, but not the right to adopt or obtain joint custody of a child".
In Mexicosame-sex marriage is performed in several states and recognized in all thirty-one states. In Maythe Judicial Yuan of Taiwan ruled that the right of same-sex couples to marry is guaranteed by the Constitution of Taiwan and that the Legislative Yuan of Taiwan has a grace period of two years to amend the marriage law to align with the Constitution after which same-sex marriage will automatically become established by law in Taiwan.
In Decemberthe Constitutional Court of Austria ruled that the right of same-sex couples to marry is guaranteed by the Constitution of Austria and that the Parliament of Austria has a grace period of one year to amend the marriage
La catarina homosexual relationship to align with the Constitution after which same-sex marriage will automatically become established by law in Austria.
In Augustthe Supreme Court of Justice of Costa Rica ruled that the right of same-sex couples to marry is guaranteed by the American Convention on Human Rightsin line with a January ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rightsand that the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica has a grace period of eighteen months to amend the marriage law to align with the Convention after which same-sex marriage La catarina homosexual relationship automatically become established by law in Costa Rica.
Countries and territories in which same-sex marriage laws have been repealed are not included on the table.
British Judge Sir Nicolas Bratzathen head of the European Court of Human Rights, delivered a speech in that signaled the court was ready to declare same-sex marriage a "human right", as soon as enough countries fell into line. Article 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights states that: However, the ECHR stated in Schalk and Kopf v Austria that this provision was intended to limit marriage to heterosexual relationships, as it used the term "men and women" instead of "everyone".
On 12 Marchthe European Parliament passed a non-binding resolution encouraging EU institutions and member states to "[reflect] on the recognition of same-sex marriage or same-sex civil union as a political, social and human and civil rights issue.
On 5 Junethe European Court of Justice ruled, in a case from Romaniathat, under the specific conditions of La catarina homosexual relationship couple in question, married same-sex couples have the same residency rights as other married couples in an EU country, even if that country does not permit or recognize same-sex marriage. After a motion lodged by Costa Rica, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued a landmark advisory ruling in favour of same-sex marriage on 9 Januarywhich is expected to facilitate legalisation in several countries in the Americas.
The Court said that governments "must recognise and guarantee all the rights that are derived from a family bond between people of the same sex". They also said that it was inadmissible and discriminatory for a separate legal provision to be established such as civil unions instead of same-sex marriage. The Court demanded that governments "guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems, including the right to marriage, in order to ensure the protection of all the rights of families formed by same-sex couples without discrimination".
Recognising the difficulty in passing such laws in countries where there is strong opposition to same-sex marriage, it recommended that governments pass temporary decrees until new legislation is brought in.
The Court issued its ruling in response to a motion brought by Costa Rica in The Costa Rican Government asked the Court to give its La catarina homosexual relationship on whether it had an obligation to extend property rights to same-sex couples, and the Court ruled that it did.
The Costa Rican Government also wanted to know whether it should allow transgender people to change their name and gender on their La catarina homosexual relationship documents.
Again, the Court ruled that it must. On 29 Junetwo family judges in Cuenca, Ecuador ruled that the Civil Registry must issue same-sex marriage licenses on request, stating that the decision of the IACHR trumped the Ecuadorian Constitution 's definition of marriage. The Registry has appealed, but the Constitutional Court has indicated that it is likely to rule in favor of same-sex marriage.
On 8 Augustthe Costa Rican Supreme Court delcared Costa Rica's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional, and gave the Legislative Assembly 18 months to reform the law accordingly, otherwise the ban would be abolished automatically.
Besides Ecuador and Costa Rica, lawsuits regarding same-sex marriage have been filed in El Salvador halting a proposed constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage Honduras,  Panama,  Paraguay to recognize marriages performed abroad and Peru,  all of which are under the of the IACHR.