Prevalence of stroke and post-stroke cognitive impairment in the elderly in DharaviMumbai. Lack of information is a major hurdle in combating stroke mortality and morbidity in India. This survey was undertaken in a slum area in DharaviMumbaito study the prevalence of stroke and post-stroke cognitive impairment in the elderly aged 60 years and above.
Participants selected using systematic random sampling of households, were interviewed using a modified version of the World Health Organization Protocol for Screening of Neurological Diseases.
Stroke was confirmed through clinical examination, medical records review and interviews with caregivers.
Cognitive impairment was assessed using Addenbrooke's scale and Mini mental status examination. Participants comprised men and women. Confirmed stroke in 66 individuals yielded a crude prevalence rate of 3.
Prevalence rates increased with age and were higher in men than in women. Out of 27 stroke survivors evaluated for cognitive dysfunction, 18 Stroke prevalence in slum-dwellers is comparable to that of other sections of society.
Prevalence rates in this study are higher than rates seen in previous Indian studies, possibly due to the combined effects of population ageing with increased incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, which also affect cognitive functions in stroke survivors. Beliefs about feeding practices and nutrition for children with disabilities among families in DharaviMumbai.
Attitudes arise from specific experiences and emotions driven by cultural beliefs. An understanding of societal constructs regarding disability in a given culture contributes to developing strategies to meet the needs of children with disabilities by providing culturally competent services. Ina series of focus-group discussions were conducted with families in a low-income community in MumbaiIndia to collect qualitative information on the knowledge, skills and attitudes KSA regarding disability, feeding and nutrition to facilitate the development of an intervention to improve the nutritional well-being of children with disabilities.
The KSA of this population of poor families has seldom been directly examined. The specific objectives of this study were i to Arun nathani wife sexual dysfunction the experiences of families with young disabled children in the local community; ii to identify the nutritional and feeding needs of children with disabilities; and iii to identify any service, environmental or attitudinal barriers to acquiring an adequate nutritional status. Content analysis of concepts in the focus groups identified four emerging themes: The focus-group findings enabled a broader understanding of attitudes towards disability within this population, which can have an impact on the care of the child.
The findings provided insights into the content of the intervention to be helpful for local families incorporating an understanding of the cultural background of the local community that must be included alongside our understanding of the feeding impairment.
This article explores how women front-line workers engage with domestic and gender-based violence in the urban informal settlements of Dharavi in MumbaiIndia. We conducted in-depth interviews with 13 voluntary front-line workers, along with ethnographic fieldwork in Dharavias a part of a pilot study. Our findings contribute to literature on context-specific approaches to understanding gender-based violence and "models" to prevent domestic violence in urban micro-spaces. Furthermore, we also discuss notions of "change" badlaav that the front-line workers experience.
Finally, this article presents implications for socially engaged ethnographic research, as well Arun nathani wife sexual dysfunction contextual and grounded insights on ways to reduce gender-based and domestic violence. Experiences of sex trafficking victims in MumbaiIndia. To explore mechanisms and contexts related to sex trafficking victimization among South Asian women and girls rescued from brothels in MumbaiIndia. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and demographic differences in trafficking mechanisms and pre-disposing contexts were explored.
The majority of victims Traffickers most commonly lured victims via promises of economic opportunity Victims were most often trafficked from public settings e. Differences in experiences of trafficking were identified based on age, nationality, education, and marital status; no differences were found based on religion. The interaction of poverty and gender-based mistreatment of women and girls in families heightens the risk of sex trafficking; further empirical research is needed on this critically understudied issue.
Prevention efforts should work to improve economic opportunities and security for impoverished women and girls, educate communities regarding the tactics and identities of traffickers, as well as promote structural interventions to reduce trafficking. Urban mental health programmes in developing countries remain in their infancy. To serve low-income communities, research needs to consider the impact of common life experience in slums, including poverty, bad living conditions, unemployment, and crowding.
Our study in the Malavani slum of Mumbai Arun nathani wife sexual dysfunction afflictions of the city affecting the emotional well-being and mental health of women and men with respect to gender. This is a topic for which mental health studies have been lacking, and for which psychiatric assumptions based on middle-class clinical experience may be most tenuous.
This study employs ethnographic methods to show how environmental and social contexts interact in shaping local experience with reference to common mental health problems.
Focusing on the social and environmental context of the mental health of communities, rather than psychiatric disorders affecting individuals, findings are broadly applicable and sorely needed to guide the development of locally appropriate community mental health programmes.
Identified afflictions affecting mental health include not only "Arun nathani wife sexual dysfunction" to health care, but also sanitation, addictions, criminality, domestic violence, and the so-called bar-girl culture. Although effective clinical interventions are required for mental health services to treat psychiatric disorders, they cannot directly affect the conditions of urban slums that impair mental health.
This exploratory study aimed to assess a range of sexual behaviors, relationships and related factors among a sample of bisexual men in MumbaiIndia. Data collection occurred in two separate phases: Participants self-reported a wide range of sexual behaviors and relationships.